Getting your body and mind settled down for a good night’s sleep can often take some doing. Hectic workdays and busy home life can interfere, keeping us revved up and high-wired far into the nighttime hours. The next day? You guessed it. Fatigue, lack of concentration, and irritability put a wrench in your plans to be productive and enjoy your friends and family.
Yes, lack of sleep is a definite funbuster.
Eating the right foods and drinking the right beverages may help you wind down and sleep more soundly, giving you more energy and better focus to tackle the next day's challenges. Furthermore, if exercise is in your routine, the good sleep you get at night has a major positive impact on meeting and exceeding your fitness goals.
Foods That Can Help You Sleep
The following list of sleep-promoting nutrients, minerals, and hormones is supported by medical research as well as the opinions of sleep experts. We’ll share with you the foods and beverages that contain high levels of these amazing substances. Consuming healthy snacks and making simple dietary changes may help achieve long-term improvements in sleep patterns.
Melatonin is a very important hormone in regulating the circadian rhythm, also known as the sleep-wake cycle. The pineal gland releases melatonin when the time for sleep approaches. As morning approaches, melatonin levels decrease, signaling to the body that it is time to awaken.
Although melatonin production is affected by the cycle of darkness and light, certain foods and beverages contain high amounts of melatonin.
- Tart cherries
- Tart cherry juice
- Certain nuts (walnuts, almonds, pistachios)
Research has determined that levels of melatonin production decrease with age. Thus, the increased nighttime awakenings and poor sleep patterns that plague older adults may be directly related to the progressive depletion of this sleep hormone.
Tryptophan is an amino acid that contains protein. Dairy products have high amounts of tryptophan. Meats, such as turkey, also contain tryptophan. (Although your ‘food coma’ after Thanksgiving dinner was more likely due to the massive size of that yearly feast). This powerful amino acid plays a role in the production of serotonin, the end-product of which is melatonin. These foods and beverages pack the tryptophan:
Does warm milk help you sleep better? This old remedy is still a popular choice due to the amount of tryptophan. Once consumed, it’s converted to melatonin, which helps our natural sleep state.
Avoid yogurts high in sugar because they can interfere with your blood sugar levels. Having a spike may counteract the tryptophan in yogurts. Additionally, avoid yogurts with high protein close to bedtime. This can wake up your brain, making it difficult to fall asleep.
Explore the complex relationship between sugar and sleep, as Molly Eastman details fascinating research on the topic.
Other Sources of Tryptophan
We recommend choosing low-fat versions of meats and cheeses. Sometimes, higher-fat foods lead to wakefulness.
Foods High in Magnesium
Magnesium helps to produce melatonin, that all-important sleep hormone. Additionally, it may play a role in reducing inflammation, which can improve sleep quality. Foods that contain high amounts of magnesium are:
- Nuts and seeds
- Leafy greens
Research also supports the value of magnesium as a factor in reducing cortisol, a stress hormone that can interrupt sleep. 
What Foods Are High In Iron
Iron is necessary to transport oxygen throughout the body. Iron deficiency is common in young women. Some research indicates that decreased iron levels degrade sleep quality. It can also cause a medical condition called restless leg syndrome (RLS), which severely disrupts sleep. In addition to chicken, beef, fish, there are vegetarian sources of iron:
Complex carbs are a better choice than the simple carbohydrates found in sweets, white bread, and plain pasta. This is because simple carbs tend to decrease serotonin, a critical precursor to melatonin production in the body. Examples of complex carbohydrates include:
Whole grain bread, pasta, crackers Brown rice Barley Rolled oats
*Barley and rolled oats also have a healthy dose of melatonin.
Low vitamin C levels have been linked to an increased tendency to wake during the night. This interferes with the ability to proceed through all sleep cycles effectively during the night.
Most vegetables have some levels of Vitamin C, including:
- Bell peppers
Vitamin C, like magnesium, is believed to be a factor in reducing the stress hormone, cortisol.
Fruits That Can Improve Sleep
There are certain fruits that you can eat before bed. Including a few of the following in your evening meals can help improve sleep quality over time.
- Kiwi Fruit
Drinks That Help You Sleep
Getting enough sleep is crucial for our physical and mental well-being. However, several factors can influence the quality of our sleep, including our daily routine and the type of drinks we consume before bedtime. Some drinks can significantly contribute to helping us relax and improve our sleep quality.
Therefore, paying attention to the beverages we consume before going to bed is crucial. Some include milk, herbal tea, tart cherry juice, and more. View our complete list of the best drinks that help you sleep.
Embracing Healthy Sleep Habits
When it comes to utilizing food and drink to improve your nighttime routine, there is no magic bullet. Try to keep the big picture in mind. This means making dietary choices that are healthy and nutrient-rich, as well as those that promote sleep.
Eating at Night
Eat early in the evening so that you are fully digested prior to bedtime. If you eat late (it happens to all of us), choose foods that aren’t fried, fatty, or spicy. This will help you avoid acid reflux, another sleep-destroyer. We also suggest that you choose non-caffeinated, non-sugary beverages in the evenings.
The sleep environment and daily routines that establish those consistent, restful, and uninterrupted ZZ’s are known as sleep hygiene. Good sleep hygiene is a major factor in getting the most out of sleep. We encourage you to make the choice of a healthy environment that is conducive to a good night’s sleep, including mattresses, pillows, and a darkened room.
Read More: Understanding Deep Sleep
In Conclusion: Take the Journey
Nutritional and sleep science continues to change and evolve. Every day, we learn more about sleep hormones, nutrients, and the specialized neurotransmitters that relax, rejuvenate, and renew us.
One thing that all research is consistent about, however, is that there are a myriad of easy-to-get, inexpensive beverages and foods that might make you sleep at night better and promote better quality. What we have learned to help establish an excellent overall sleep routine is just as important.
We invite you to take the joyous journey to that sweet spot of perfect sleep.
 Pigeon, W. R., Carr, M., Gorman, C., & Perlis, M. L. (2010). Effects of a tart cherry juice beverage on the sleep of older adults with insomnia: a pilot study. Journal of medicinal food, 13(3), 579–583. View Study
 Zeng, Y., Yang, J., Du, J., Pu, X., Yang, X., Yang, S., & Yang, T. (2014). Strategies of Functional Foods Promote Sleep in Human Being. Current signal transduction therapy, 9(3), 148–155. View Study
 Murat, S., Ali, U., Serdal, K., Süleyman, D., ?lknur, P., Mehmet, S., Bahattin, A., & Tunahan, U. (2015). Assessment of subjective sleep quality in iron deficiency anaemia. African health sciences, 15(2), 621–627. View Study
 Srivastava, J. K., Shankar, E., & Gupta, S. (2010). Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with bright future. Molecular medicine reports, 3(6), 895–901. View Study